KAZALCI OKOLJA

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In Slovenia, the share of single-person households, which has higher expenditure and thus a greater impact on the environment, is rapidly increasing. We are witnessing the rapid aging of the population. At the same time there is a deterioration in the part of the population, as more than half of households, for example, would not be able to cover unexpected expenditures. Nevertheless, people are relatively satisfied with their lives.

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More than half of the flats/houses in Slovenia were built before 1980, or more than three quarters before 1990. In their renovation lies the greatest potential for reducing environmental impacts and lower energy consumption. At the same time, the share of low-income households - those who are supposed to invest in housing renovations - are relatively high. These households also have the most problems with housing conditions or housing deprivation and overcrowding rate.

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Slovenian households consume about 20 % of final energy. Consumption has decreased since 2003, mainly due to usage of petroleum products for which consumption decline in 2009 by 40% compared to 2003. Most of the energy is used for heating the households, followed by the consumption of energy for DHW heating, electricity consumption for other purposes (for lighting, for electrical appliances ...) and consumption of energy for cooking.

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Household electricity consumption is increasing and amounted to 3,000 GWh in 2009. The share of households equipped with electricity-consuming appliances is increasing as well. These include e.g. dishwashers, clothes dryers, mobile phones, CD players, microwaves, and personal computers. Despite the improved energy efficiency of some appliances, electricity consumption has not decreased, as the number of household appliances continues to increase rapidly, which also contributes to excessive quantities of waste.

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On average, households expenditure by consumption purpose in Slovenia was devoted predominantly on transport, housing, food and non-alcoholic beverages. For the households in the lowest income class, housing and food  account for almost 46% of household expenditure. In the lowest income groups there is energy poverty emerging. Statistics show that households are among the largest polluters with CO2 emissions into the air, and from all sector activities pay the most environmental taxes.

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One possible explanation for this decline is changing of eating habits. The results of the research show that the greatest environmental impacts have meat products (beef, pork and poultry) and dairy products (cheese, milk and butter). The number of agricultural holdings with organic farming in Slovenia is slowly increasing, but the growth dynamics of organic production is not satisfactory.

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In Slovenia, passenger car transport is increasing and public transport is decreasing. The increase in car ownership can be attributed to ideas about greater flexibility, improved mobility and low quality of public passenger transport. The share of Slovenian households owning a personal car increased to 80% in 2007 and the number of passengers using urban public transport dropped by nearly 50% compared to 1990. The data for Central Slovenia and the Podravje statistical regions show that more than 70% of the population travel to work by car.