KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Bad

In Slovenia, the share of single-person households, which has higher expenditure and thus a greater impact on the environment, is rapidly increasing. We are witnessing the rapid aging of the population. At the same time there is a deterioration in the part of the population, as more than half of households, for example, would not be able to cover unexpected expenditures. Nevertheless, people are relatively satisfied with their lives.

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More than half of the flats/houses in Slovenia were built before 1980, or more than three quarters before 1990. In their renovation lies the greatest potential for reducing environmental impacts and lower energy consumption. At the same time, the share of low-income households - those who are supposed to invest in housing renovations - are relatively high. These households also have the most problems with housing conditions or housing deprivation and overcrowding rate.

Neutral

Slovenian households consume about 20 % of final energy. Consumption has decreased since 2003, mainly due to usage of petroleum products for which consumption decline in 2009 by 40% compared to 2003. Most of the energy is used for heating the households, followed by the consumption of energy for DHW heating, electricity consumption for other purposes (for lighting, for electrical appliances ...) and consumption of energy for cooking.

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Household electricity consumption is increasing in Slovenia. In 2015, it amounted to 3,205 GWh. The share of households equipped with electricity-consuming appliances is increasing as well. These include e.g. dishwashers, clothes dryers, mobile phones, CD players, microwaves, and personal computers. Despite the energy efficiency of some appliances improved, electricity consumption has not decreased, as the number of household appliances continues to increase rapidly, which also contributes to excessive quantities of waste.

Bad

On average, households expenditure by consumption purpose in Slovenia was devoted predominantly on transport, housing, food and non-alcoholic beverages. For the households in the lowest income class, housing and food  account for almost 46% of household expenditure. In the lowest income groups there is energy poverty emerging. Statistics show that households are among the largest polluters with CO2 emissions into the air, and from all sector activities pay the most environmental taxes.

Bad

One possible explanation for this decline is changing of eating habits. The results of the research show that the greatest environmental impacts have meat products (beef, pork and poultry) and dairy products (cheese, milk and butter). The number of agricultural holdings with organic farming in Slovenia is slowly increasing, but the growth dynamics of organic production is not satisfactory.

Bad

In Slovenia, passenger car transport is increasing and public transport is decreasing. The increase in car ownership can be attributed to ideas about greater flexibility, improved mobility and low quality of public passenger transport. The share of Slovenian households owning a personal car increased to 80% in 2007 and the number of passengers using urban public transport dropped by nearly 50% compared to 1990. The data for Central Slovenia and the Podravje statistical regions show that more than 70% of the population travel to work by car.

Good

The eco-innovation index shows the performance of individual Member States in the various components of eco-innovation compared to the EU average, and presents their strengths and weaknesses. The eco-innovation composite index 2017 for Slovenia reveals that Slovenia performs well in all five components of the index and even above the EU average, except in the resource efficiency componen.

Bad

Our society, its production and consumption systems, is based on the use of raw materials such as biomass, fossil fuels and minerals. By increasing the extraction of raw materials, the associated environmental and social impacts are approaching or already exceeding natural limits.

According to available UN data for the period 1990 to 2015, Slovenia achieved no decoupling of economic development from raw material consumption.

In 2015, only five EU countries: Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Belgium and the Netherlands, recycled at least half of their municipal waste.

Neutral

More and more foreign tourists are coming to Slovenia, while the private travels of the domestic population are more or less constant over the almost ten-year period observed. The data also show that income and household size are an important reason for not traveling. In 2018, more than one quarter (28.3%) of Europeans could not afford annual weekly leave outside the home, while such Slovenians accounted for a good fifth (21.8%).


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