KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

After 2007, when it reached its peak, the quantity of waste generated by manufacturing and service activities started to decrease. In 2009, 5.85 million tonnes of such waste was generated. In recent years, the quantity of recovered and deposited waste has been increasing.

Neutral

Due to lower construction activity, material productivity in Slovenia increased faster than the EU average in the period 2007-2012. In 2018 it amounted to 1.86 PPS / kg, but the target of 3.5 PPS / kg by 2030, with the revival of  construction activity, will be difficult to achieve. Therefore, much more attention needs to be paid to measures for the transition to a circular economy.

 

Bad

The volume of passenger transport has been increasing in Slovenia for several decades, primarily due to the growth of the most unsustainable modes – passenger cars and (especially after 2002) air transport. This growth stopped after the economic recession in 2008. The volume of public transport has been declining for decades, especially the modal share of bus services. In the last decade, the modal share of public transport stabilised, but at a much lower level compared to 1991, when Slovenia became independent.

Bad

Road freight transport has increased dramatically since Slovenia joined the EU. This is due to the increased volume of tonne-kilometres of Slovenian transport carriers. In the period 2004–2014, road freight transport increased by approximately 80%. Despite the economic crisis in the EU, growth has continued, with the exception of aviation transport. After 2011, the share of road transport stabilised.

Bad

Data on air pollution shows that Slovenian cities are overpolluted, primarily with NO2 and PM10. Transport is one of the main causes of this pollution. In general, air quality is improving, especially since the economic downturn in 2008 after which the volume of passenger traffic was reduced.

Neutral

In the last decades, major emissions of air pollutants from transport decreased. However, road transport remains one of the most significant sources of air pollution. In Slovenia in 2018 road transport contributed 47 % to the total emissions of nitrogen oxides. In the period 1990-2018 emissions of substances that cause acidification and emissions of ozone precursors in transport sector declined by 58 % and 68 %. In the period 2000-2018 emissions of particulate matter decreased by 35 %.

Bad

In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions from transport in Slovenia had increased by 185% compared to 1986. Also, at the EU level, GHG emissions from transport by far exceeded the growth – in the period 1990–2014, they increased by 13% (in Slovenia, they increased by slightly less than 97% in the same period). A major source of GHGs is road transport, which contributed approximately 99.2% in 2012. The share of GHG emissions from transport (31% in 2012) and insufficiently effective measures to reduce GHGs makes fulfilling commitments under the Kyoto Protocol difficult to accomplish in Slovenia.

Bad

The average age of passenger cars in Slovenia increased from 6.8 years in 1992 to 9.4 years in 2014. The structure of passenger cars by age changed as well. The number of passenger cars older than 12 years more than doubled in 2015 in comparison to 2001. Also, the share of passenger cars aged less than three years decreased by almost a half during this period. The share of heavy duty vehicles and the share of mopeds and motorcycles older than 12 years has also increased since 2009, while the share of these vehicles under three years of age decreased in the same period.


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