KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

After 2007, when it reached its peak, the quantity of waste generated by manufacturing and service activities started to decrease. In 2009, 5.85 million tonnes of such waste was generated. In recent years, the quantity of recovered and deposited waste has been increasing.

Neutral

Due to lower construction activity, material productivity in Slovenia increased faster than the EU average in the period 2007-2012. In 2018 it amounted to 1.86 PPS / kg, but the target of 3.5 PPS / kg by 2030, with the revival of  construction activity, will be difficult to achieve. Therefore, much more attention needs to be paid to measures for the transition to a circular economy.

 

Good

The European Community has met its commitments under the first period of the Kyoto Protocol, as total emissions (excluding the sinks) in the period 2008-2012 were around 19% lower than in the base year.  By imposing the maximum level of allowed sinks, Slovenia has exceeded the 2012 target by about 3%.

In 2019, Slovenian GHG emissions decreased by 2.6% compared to 2018. Therefore, Slovenia is on a good track to achieve the EU goal, as non-ETS GHG emissions in 2019 were 11.9 % below the allocated emissions for 2019.

Bad

The volume of passenger transport demand has been increasing in Slovenia for several decades. Above all the volume of two most unsustainable modes – passenger cars and air transport (especially after 2002). The growth stopped after the economic recession in 2008 but intensified again after 2014. In 2020 and 2021 the pandemics caused another, steep decline. Trend of the public transport modes has been declining for decades, especially the proportion of intercity bus services.

Bad

Road goods transport has been growing sharply since Slovenia joined the EU, as the volume of tonne-kilometres of the Slovenian transport carriers increased by more than 2,5 times in the period 2004-2019. The growth of freight transport and transit in Slovenia has been constant in road, rail and maritime transport since independence, despite intermediate economic problems in the EU during the recession 2008-2014. The exception is air freight transport, which has stagnated for years after a sharp decline in 2008.

Bad

Data on air pollution shows that Slovenian cities are over-polluted with NO2 and PM10. Transport is one of the main causes of this pollution. Air quality in Slovenian cities improved during the economic recession after 2008, and after 2016 the NO2 pollution became worse again.

Neutral

In the last decades, major emissions of air pollutants from transport decreased. However, road transport remains one of the most significant sources of air pollution. In Slovenia in 2018 road transport contributed 47 % to the total emissions of nitrogen oxides. In the period 1990-2018 emissions of substances that cause acidification and emissions of ozone precursors in transport sector declined by 58 % and 68 %. In the period 2000-2018 emissions of particulate matter decreased by 35 %.

Bad

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport in Slovenia almost tripled between 1986 and 2019. In the EU, GHG emissions from transport also exceed economic growth on average, but significantly less than in Slovenia; in the period 1990-2019, they increased by 23.6% in the EU-28. The main source of GHG is mostly road transport, which contributes as much as 99% of all GHG emissions from transport.


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